This article covers:
 Bed Feet, Row Feet, and Setting Average Yield Rates in Tend
 How Tend Calculates Estimated Revenues
 How Tend Calculates Estimated Yields
 Yields for Cut and Come Again Crops
 Planning for Estimated Losses and Cull Rates
 Yield & Revenue FAQs
Bed Feet, Row Feet, and Setting Average Yield Rates in Tend
When you add a planting to your Crop Plan in Tend, you can define the planting amount in terms of: the number of individual plants in the planting, the number of row feet for the planting, or the number of bed feet for the planting.
Which measurements you choose might depend on the crop, the size of the planting, or your preferred methods of visualizing, planning, and managing your plantings. There’s no right or wrong with this choice! Plus, these three planting amount units are closely related to each other, so you can always convert your planting amount from one unit to another if you need to.
The first few times you calculate row feet and bed feet, it can be helpful to think about it this way:
Let’s say you know you want to plant 600 cabbage plants, and you always space your cabbage one foot apart when you plant in the field. If you were to line all of your cabbage plants up into one row, that row would be 600 feet long. So 600 is the amount of row feet you’re planning for your cabbage crop.
Note that if your inrowspacing was 6 inches instead of 12 inches, then your row would only be 300 feet long. So: Row feet = Number of plants * The inrowspacing of the single row.
Of course to save space, you’re probably not planting one 600 foot long row of cabbages. If you decide to divide your crop into three individual rows of cabbage (all still spaced one foot apart) in a single, wider bed, then the bed only needs to be 200 feet long to accommodate all of your plants. So you can think of your planting amount as 200 bed feet with three rows per bed. This is equal to 600 row feet.
You can calculate your planting amount in terms of the number of plants, the bed feet, and the row feet using these relationships:
 Row feet = Bed feet * Number of rows
 Bed feet = Row feet / Number of rows
 Number of plants = Row feet * Inrowspacing of plants * Number of rows
These relationships can be helpful when you add planting details to your Crop Plan because Tend calculates the estimated yields and revenues for plantings based on the number of individual plants in the planting or the number of row feet the planting occupies.
You can absolutely still use bed feet to indicate your planting amount when you add plantings to your Crop Plan. When you input your average yield rates for your crops, however, that yield value can only be entered in terms of the number of row feet for the planting (eg. bunches of carrots per single row foot) or the number of plants for the planting (eg. pounds of tomatoes per individual tomato vine).
If you’re used to thinking of your average yields in terms of bed feet, use the relationships above to convert your average yield per bed foot into average yield per row foot.
Returning to the cabbage example — because you plant your cabbages spaced 1 foot apart in 3 rows per bed, you know that in your system 1 bed foot of cabbage is equal to 3 row feet of cabbage because of the relationship:
bed feet = row feet * number of rows
Now say you typically estimate the yield for your cabbage as 21 lbs per bed foot. Since 1 bed foot of cabbage is equal to 3 row feet of cabbage, then your average cabbage harvest per row foot is:
(21 pounds) / (3) = 7 lbs per row foot
And now we have the relationship:
Average harvest per row foot = average harvest per bed foot / number of rows per bed
You can use this relationship to convert average yields per bed foot into average yields per row foot as you enter your planting details into Tend. After you input your average yield for a planting of a particular crop or variety, Tend will remember that information and use it to calculate your average yield and revenues accordingly, so you never have to crunch the numbers again!
Read this article for more on how Tend remembers crop data.
Tend Tip: We added a tooltip at the top of the planting details screens explaining how we calculate estimated yields for your plantings.
Please note that if you are adding multiple plantings (or successions) of a crop or variety at once, the estimated yield value in the planting details screen header will display the estimated yield per individual planting, while the estimated revenue value will display the estimated revenue for all of the crop or variety plantings. In the screen below, 10 plantings of arugula are being added to the Crop Plan. The planting details screen header is displaying that each individual planting is expected to yield 300 bunches and that the estimated revenue for all 10 arugula plantings is $12,000.
How we calculate Estimated Revenue
In the Crop Planner you'll see estimated revenue figures. These figures are calculated by actual numbers you enter in the Succession Detail screen when you add or edit a Succession. They are calculated within the Planting Details screen as follows:
 Estimated Yield * Estimated Revenue
How we calculate Estimated Yield
When your avg. yield rate is by plant
If planting amount is Bed ft., Est. Yield is calculated by:
 Planting amount (bed ft.) * Rows per bed * (12 / Inrow spacing) *Avg. yield rate (per plant)
If planting amount is Row ft., Est. Yield is calculated by:
 Planting amount (row ft.) * (12 / Inrow spacing) * Avg. yield rate (per plant)
When your avg. yield rate is by row ft.
If planting amount is Bed ft., Est. Yield is calculated by:
 Planting amount (bed ft.) * Rows per bed * Avg. yield rate (per row ft.)
If planting amount is Row ft., Est. Yield is calculated by:
 Planting amount (row ft.) * Avg Yield Rate (per row ft.)
Pro tip: The directsow tradeoff If you are direct sowing and using seeding rate, you can optimize for either accurate sowing rate instructions in the planting task, or accurate estimated yield rates. Why is this?
There is a way around this scenario:
Example: If your seeding rate is 12 seeds/ft, and you’re going to eventually thin to 6 plants/ft, and your yield is 3 bunches/ft:

Yields for Cut and Come Again Crops
Tend does not currently have a tool for automatically calculating multiple harvests for a planting (eg. a bed of arugula that you plan to harvest three different times over the season). To estimate your yields for this kind of planting, we recommend extending the planting’s harvest window to accommodate the entire period over which you plan to harvest the planting. Then input an estimated yield for the planting based on your estimated yield across that entire harvest window.
So if you plan to harvest that bed of arugula every other week for two months, and you expect to get a yield of 0.50 pounds/row foot for each of those harvests, you can input planting details for the planting according to the image below.
When it’s harvest time, you can add this same arugula planting to your harvest list several times and record a new yield for that planting each time you harvest!
Planning for Estimated Losses and Cull Rates
If you like to plan with estimated yields or revenues that reflect a builtin buffer for crop losses and culls, then we recommend reducing your plantings’ average yield rates by the percentage loss you want to plan around. This enables you to create estimated yields and revenues that reflect your desired buffer percentage.
In the video below, the average yield of a planting of beets is reduced by 20% from 2 to 1.6 pounds per row foot. In the header of the planting details screen, you can see the estimated revenue for the planting is correspondingly reduced 20% from $2,400 to $1,920, and the estimated yield drops 20% from 600 to 480 pounds.
This technique requires some data entry at first as you update your plantings with new average yields that reflect your loss percentage, but after you update a planting’s information once, Tend will remember that update and apply it to all your plantings of the same variety moving forward.
FAQ
Is duration, or weeks of production, factored into my estimated yield and revenue figures?
No.
How is estimated revenue calculated if I have a filter applied?
The Estimated Revenue figure will update based on what kind of filters you have applied in the Crop Planner.
For example, if you are viewing the Crop Plan filtered by a specific field, the Estimated Revenue figure for only that field will appear at the top of the screen.
How does unit conversion rate factor into my estimated yield and revenue calculation?
It doesn't.
How do I make yield and revenue estimates for crops with multiple harvest stages?
Tend does not currently have a tool for breaking out the yields and revenues of a crop with multiple harvest stages (eg. garlic harvested three times as green garlic, scapes, and mature garlic).
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